Onshore environmental surveys consider the potential ecological impact that cable laying, onshore substations and new port facilities may have on the onshore environment.

What it costs

About £520,000 for a 450 MW floating offshore wind farm.

Who supplies them

Andrew McCarthy Associates, APEM, BCM Environs, ESS Ecology, Natural Power, RSK Environment and Thomson Ecology.

Key facts

Wildlife surveys are often undertaken by ecological companies who have specialised capabilities for particular species.

Studies tend to look at the distribution, density, and number of different species.

Wildlife ranging from badgers to small reptiles are considered, depending on the nature of the proposed site.

Fragile coastal ecosystems are a prime area of focus.

What’s in it

Guide to a Floating Offshore Wind Farm